The hottest Obama new deal on science and technolo

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Obama's new deal on science and technology breeds emerging industries in the 21st century editor's note: the U.S. financial crisis has spread to the world and has had a huge impact on the real economy. On February 17, Obama signed an economic stimulus plan totaling $787billion, of which about $120billion was invested in the field of science and technology to support the development of high-tech industries

after Obama took office, he formulated a series of economic stimulus measures to deal with the international financial crisis. Among them, it is particularly emphasized that science, technology and innovation are the key to solving many urgent problems facing the United States. A comprehensive scientific and technological innovation agenda has been formulated and a new deal of science and technology has been implemented. The United States not only stimulates the economy through the development of science and technology, but also this series of measures will promote the development of a new round of science and technology wave and play an important role in cultivating new economic growth points in the 21st century

Obama's new deal on science and technology has four characteristics:

first, it is to regain the concept that science is crucial to the development of the United States, so as to maintain the status of the United States as the world's number one scientific and technological power. The United States believes that in recent years, the proportion of capital investment in material science and Engineering in GDP has been declining, threatening the dominant position of the United States in many core scientific fields. In his inaugural address, Obama said, "we should restore science to its rightful place." On April 27, Obama said at the 146th annual meeting of the National Academy of Sciences, "science is more important to our prosperity, safety, health, environment and quality of life than ever before. The day when science gave way to ideology has become history."

second, the federal government has increased investment in scientific research and innovation. On February 17, 2009, Obama signed an economic stimulus plan with a total amount of 787billion US dollars, of which about 120billion US dollars were invested in the field of science and technology to support the development of high-tech industries. Obama announced at the 146th annual meeting of the National Academy of Sciences that he would invest 3% of U.S. GDP in research and innovation, and multiply the funding of three major national scientific research institutions, including the National Science Foundation (NSF), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the doescience Office of the Department of energy. It can be seen that the U.S. government's scientific research investment will return to the level of the 1950s and 1960s, during which the "Apollo program" and "Manhattan program" were introduced to compete with the Soviet Union in launching satellites into space and landing on the moon, and this year will exceed the highest value of scientific research investment created by the United States in 1964

third, encourage non-governmental organizations to participate in science and technology plans and promote private technology giants to increase investment in scientific research. The Obama administration has taken a series of measures, such as setting up a civil space project plan, establishing public-private partnerships to explore the commercialization mode of clean coal technology, and encouraging private investment into broadband services, with the intention of promoting private participation in the development and utilization of science and technology, so as to maintain the innovation vitality and economic growth of the United States. American enterprises represented by Intel, Google, Microsoft and Cisco have generally increased their R & D investment in the context of the economic recession. In early February, Intel announced that the company plans to invest $7billion in the next two years to upgrade the production technology of its U.S. factory and realize the 32 nanometer manufacturing process. 75% of Intel's chips are produced in the United States, which means that about 75% of the company's R & D expenses and capital expenditures are invested in the United States, and more than 75% of the company's sales revenue comes from overseas. Intel invested $7billion in technological transformation during the economic recession, which will win a huge competitive advantage and further establish its position in the U.S. scientific and technological community

fourth, a cross industry technological revolution led by new energy is brewing, and emerging industries leading the development of the world economy in the future are cultivated. The international financial crisis has made the United States reflect on its economic model based on "de manufacturing" in the past 30 years. The economic stimulus plan is not only aimed at the current financial crisis, but also focuses on economic restructuring and looking for future economic growth points, focusing on the recovery and development of the real economy. The new deal on science and technology focuses on giving priority to investment in new energy development, supporting stem cell research, and paying attention to the aerospace field. In the $120billion science and technology stimulus plan, new energy and improving energy efficiency accounted for $46.8 billion, and basic investment in the biomedical field accounted for $10billion. The new energy industry focuses on high-efficiency batteries, electricity transformation, carbon storage and carbon capture, as well as renewable energy such as wind energy and solar energy utilization. Obama said: "the country that leads the world in creating new clean energy will lead the world's economic development in the 21st century." He wants to restore American industry by designing, manufacturing and promoting new practical "green products", and to cultivate a large new energy industry with a value of more than $230 trillion as the basis for the adjustment of American economic structure

the Enlightenment of Obama's new deal on science and technology

Obama's new deal on science and technology has brought us enlightenment in four aspects

first, in the international financial crisis, whoever grasps the direction of scientific and technological development can guide the next round of economic growth. In the package plan to deal with the international financial crisis, China has emphasized relying on scientific and technological progress and independent innovation. In the further economic stimulus plan and the introduction of supporting implementation rules for the adjustment and revitalization plan of key industries, we should focus on both the current and the long-term; To observe problems from a global perspective, we should not only further promote technological transformation, mergers and acquisitions, and the elimination of backward production capacity, but also give further play to the supporting role of science and technology, vigorously promote independent innovation, accelerate the implementation of major scientific and technological projects, and vigorously cultivate emerging industries and new economic growth points

Second, under the situation of the international financial crisis, developing emerging industries is an opportunity for China to stand in the forefront of the world. No matter whether Obama's new deal of science and technology can create a leading edge in the development of science and technology in the new energy industry, Obama's new deal of science and technology can be compared with Reagan's "Star Wars plan", Clinton's "information highway" and George W. Bush's "missile defense plan", which will cause a wave of competition in the new energy industry in the 21st century. Historical experience shows that every crisis breeds new technological breakthroughs and expedites new industrial changes. China has been a bystander and follower of all the economic growth since the late 18th century. Now the international financial crisis has provided us with new opportunities to keep pace with the United States. We must examine the current strategies to deal with the crisis and industrial development strategies from the perspective of national industrial security and striving to dominate the future international industrial division, so as to lay the foundation for China to take the lead in the next round of international competition

(1) increase support for the green transformation of traditional manufacturing industries. Third, on the basis of scientific and technological innovation, pay attention to the development of strategic basic emerging industries such as new energy. The growth of new energy industry with LEGO toys investing heavily in research and development of sustainable materials should be viewed from the long-term perspective of global competition, and should not be plagued by some minor problems at present. For example, for the negative effects of environmental pollution caused by the production process of solar cells, we should rely on science to solve the problem and not give up eating because of choking. At present, the development of emerging industries driven by the technological revolution is the main driving force for the future global economic recovery. Under the situation of global economic recession, the development of emerging industries centered on new energy is likely to gradually change the survival pattern of the whole economy and society. The development of new energy industry is not only conducive to promoting economic recovery, but also the key to ensuring the occupation of the commanding heights of emerging industries. Its importance is that it can also reduce the room temperature to below zero ℃ and carry out experiments on thick ice and snow roads. Considering the situation at home and abroad, there is great potential for development in this area, which should be given priority support, strive to make breakthroughs, and strive to achieve industrialization and scale. It is worth emphasizing that the development space and speed of emerging industries will far exceed expectations

fourth, increase investment in science and technology and tax incentives for the new energy industry. The Chinese government has successively issued some new energy policies, which has entered an important period that has an important impact on the structural adjustment of the energy industry. At the same time, the industry also has some high procurement costs and industrialization obstacles. We should strengthen government policy guidance and establish special R & D institutions to engage in common, basic and strategic technology research for the development of new energy industry. The research and development of enterprises alone is far from enough. The state needs to increase the scientific and technological investment in the new energy industry, so as to combine the strategic research at the national level with the technological development of enterprises, and provide a strong backing for the development of the new energy industry. China should combine government guidance with giving play to the role of market mechanism, combine scientific and technological innovation with institutional innovation, improve and perfect fiscal and tax policies, promote the industrialization of new energy and energy-saving and environmental protection technologies, speed up the transformation of traditional industries with new energy and energy-saving and environmental protection technologies, cultivate new markets, and promote the development and growth of emerging industries

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